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Adam's Amplifiers: Tone Stacks
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Tone Stacks
Thursday January 5, 2006 by adam

Overview

This page started out as part of my LunchBox amp’s pages, documenting the tone control options I tried out while working on that amp. It’s since expanded to be a repository of schematics and layout drawings for various tone control/stack options I’ve tried or am planning to try. I find doing detailed layout drawings in Visio to be extremely helpful to me personally. On my last couple of projects I’ve drawn and verified the entire layout in Visio, which has enabled the physical building stage to go off without a hitch.

Some of these (Tweed, Moonlight, FMV, Baxandall) I’ve built, and some I haven’t. Most of the information here has been gathered from many sources, primarily the AX84 and Ampage message boards, and of course poring over numerous schematics.

One Knob Tone Controls

Tweed Princeton

The first tone control I tried in the Lunch Box was a Fender Tweed Princeton-style single tone control (e.g. from 5F2-A). I ended up removing it entirely because I didn’t like it much. The volume & tone controls are too interactive for my taste.

5F2-A Tone Control Schematic 5F2-A Layout

Moonlight

Here is Stephen Delft’s Moonlight tone control. I like this much more than the basic Fender Tweed Champ style single-knob tone control. The tone & volume knobs seem to be more independent of each other in this circuit, and it’s not as bright as the standard Tweed circuit is. Presented below are the schematic, and a layout diagram for building the tone control on a push-pull pot to include DPDT bypass. Insertion loss is low.

Moonlight Tone Control Schematic Moonlight Layout
Moonlight Tone Control push/pull layout with Bypass

Garnet

This cool little circuit was posted by Bruce McCabe on the AX84 BBS, lifted from an old Garnet amp. With the tone pot placed in a local feedback loop, it should have a wide range of control.

It also came up again in a thread on low-insertion loss tone controls. Sean K. has built built a variation using a rotary switch to change capacitor values. That should provide a lot of tonal possibilities with a simple circuit and low insertion loss. This would be an interesting tone control to try in the Micro Champ.

The Gibson GA-30RVT also uses this tone control on both of its channels.

18 Watt

Marshall 18 Watt Tone Control Schematic Layout

Two-Knob

Fender “Brownface”

Fender “Brownface” amps featured some of their most interesting circuits, IMHO. In between the tweed & the blackface amps, the Champs, Princetons, and Deluxes had Tweed-style single knob tone controls. The Brown Pro and Bandmaster had a two knob treble/bass tone stack which is somewhat different than the 2-knob variation of the Fender blackface tone stack.

The 350K pot tapped at 70K used by the 6G5-A is available again from Weber.

Fender Pro 6G5 or 6G7 tone stack Fender Pro 6G5 or 6G7 tone stack layout
Fender Pro 6G5-A tone stack

NOTE: The 6G5 uses a de-coupling cap (0.05uF) inbetween the plate of the preceding triode stage and the tone stack, while the 6G5-A does not. The 6G5-A variation is also used on the Normal channel of the 6G6 Blonde Bassman (and 6G6-A) while the Bass channel has what looks like a Blackface tonestack with only a Bass knob, and the 6G12 Concert.

Blonde Twin

From about the same era as the Brownface amps is the Fender Blonde Twin, which has a tone stack very similar to the Baxandall stack. In fact, the only difference really is with the treble pot.

Fender 6G8 tone stack

Baxandall (a.k.a. James)

The Baxandall tone stack is a classic circuit more commonly found in hi-fi designs. I’ve used it with pleasing results in 3 amps now. It’s also been used in some commercial guitar amps, such as the Orange 120 MKII. Magnatone used it in a whole series of amps – the 260-A, M10-A, 460, and 480. Some of Ampeg’s Portaflex amps (e.g. B-15-NF) use it as well. This tone stack is featured in Duncan Amp’s Tone Stack Calculator in slightly modified form under the name “James”. Insertion loss is lower than the standard Fender tone stack, but obviously higher than 1 knob controls.

Presented below are the schematic and 2 layout diagrams. The first is for building the stack on 2 normal pots. The second is for building it on a dual-concentric pot.

In the final revision of the Lunch Box, this tone stack is driven by an IRF820 MOSFET source follower. Like a tube cathode follower, the source follower lowers the driving impedance to drive the tone stack with less signal loss. For more, see Mike Donovan’s article on High Voltage Solid-State Circuits for Guitar Amplifiers, or R.G. Keen’s MOSFET Follies.

General consensus seems to be that’s very flexible, but tends to work better in low-gain amps.

Passive Baxandall Tone Stack Schematic Layout on 2 Standard Pots
Layout on a single dual-concentric pot

Baxandall Mid Boost

I had an unused space for another switch on the front panel, so I added a tiny modification to change the frequency response of the tone stack. It simply parallels a 560pF capacitor with the 330pF treble cap. The effect of this is to add a pronounced midrange “hump” with the tone controls flat, and a lessening of the scoop with both controls all the way up. It’s a very simple and effective mod. The effect is centered around 250-450 Hz, depending on the position of the controls. By additionally paralleling another 180K resistor to make 90K between the Bass & Treble pots you can change that to 300-700 Hz.


  

Three Knob

Fender/Marshall/Vox

This is the classic 3 knob tone stack used (in assorted variations) in so many classic amps. Tried and true, it has fairly high gain loss and big mid scoop. Like any tone stack, its response characteristics can be drastically altered with differing impedances and component values. This is simulated in Duncan Amps’ Tone Stack Calculator.

There are numerous minor variations to this circuit. Some leave out the Mid control, replacing it with a fixed resistor. In others, C3 is wired to the wiper of the Mid control, which is wired as a voltage divider instead of a variable resistor.

Basic Tone Stack Schematic Basic Tone Stack Layout

Dumble

The Dumble tone stack is basically an Fender/Marshall tone stack with lots of switches added which shift the frequency response in various ways.

Other

Here’s a link to an excerpt from the RCA Receiving Tube Manual. Web-ified by Stephen Keller, it’s a more complicated tone circuit spread out across two triode stages. It looks like it has lots of possibilities.

This AMZ Presence Control by Jack Orman also looks very interesting. It’s a variation of the Big Muff tone control with some improvements. It has the capability of achieving a flat frequency response as well as a wide variety of bass & treble boost & cut.

A one knob control submitted by Andy Fuchs to an Ampage thread.

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  1. Hi Adam great site.
    By the way the single tone control you show as submitted by andy fuchs to an ampage thread was infact submitted by me! based on a simpler one Andy got from an old tranny amp which he e-mailed to me. not tried it as shown but my amps do use a simpler version and its very effective
    Cheers
    Shane


    Shane Dolman    Feb 1, 07:07 AM    #
  2. here it is


    Me    Feb 28, 01:56 PM    #
  3. an excellent analysis of guitar amp tone stacks. helped me clarify a couple of ideas that were puzzling me before,

    e


    edward andrews    Jun 3, 01:26 PM    #
  4. I’m trying to design and implement a component style amp for my guitar…Utilizing an LM1875 20watt chip for the power amp, a pair of LM386 chip sets for the pre amps, one variable volume and gain (as in the Ruby Amp) the other a derivation of an amp with vibrato all tucked into the remnants of a Fender practice amp I salvaged from the refuse bins. What I need is a tone control/controls plan with schematics and implementation instructions… I would prefer to have bass, mids and treble. But, as I am a novice at this I need something very simple in its installation but complex in the sound spectrum it can handle. I could send you spec sheets and schematics on what I’m planning if you have the time. Please let me know. thank you for your time and consideration in this matter.

    Yours truly,
    Bill Gallagher
    ag2217@yahoo.com


    Bill Gallagher    Jul 29, 12:46 AM    #

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